Tag Archives: Enforcement

New York DFS Revamps Its Consumer Protection Arm

On April 29, 2019 the New York State Department of Financial Services (“DFS”) announced that it has created a new division, called the Consumer Protection and Financial Enforcement Division, which combines the previously separate Enforcement Division and Financial Frauds and Consumer Protection Division. The new division will be “responsible for protecting and educating consumers and … Continue Reading

FinCEN Penalizes Peer-to-Peer Virtual Currency Exchanger for Violating BSA

On April 18, 2019, the Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN) announced an enforcement action against Eric Powers, a California-based peer-to-peer (P2P) virtual currency exchanger, for violating the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA).  This marks the first time FinCEN has taken action against a P2P virtual currency exchanger and the first time it … Continue Reading

BCFP Reaches Settlement with Small-Dollar Lender in Connection with Allegedly “Abusive” Practice

On October 24, 2018, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (“BCFP” or the “Bureau”) announced that it had reached a settlement with Tennessee-based small-dollar lender and check casher, Cash Express LLC, which agreed to resolve the Bureau’s claims by paying a $200,000 fine and approximately $32,000 in restitution to affected consumers.  The consent order includes … Continue Reading

State Securities Regulators Step Up Scrutiny of Cryptoassets and ICOs

On October 10, the North American Securities Administrators Association (“NASAA”)—an association of state, provincial, and territorial securities regulators in the United States, Mexico, and Canada—released its annual Enforcement Report (the “Report”). The Report demonstrates that, while stepped-up enforcement activity has been observed at the federal level with respect to cryptoasset markets, state regulators are increasingly … Continue Reading

Banking Regulators Issue Joint Policy Statement Downplaying the Role of Supervisory Guidance in Enforcement

On September 11, 2018, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the National Credit Union Administration, and the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (the “Bureau”, and, collectively, the “Agencies”) issued a statement “clarifying the role of supervisory guidance.” The release … Continue Reading

BCFP Enters Consent Order with Hydra Group

On August 10, 2018, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection announced that a federal district court in the Western District of Missouri approved a consent order in a case against a set of twenty corporate entities and two individual principals (collectively, “Hydra Group”). The BCFP alleged violations of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 … Continue Reading

Market Trends 2017/18: Securities Regulation and Enforcement

The enforcement and regulatory priorities of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) have begun to come into focus now that SEC Chairman Jay Clayton has been in office for over a year. Courts have also issued decisions that will significantly impact securities enforcement moving forward. This practice note discusses the Supreme Court’s recent decision holding that … Continue Reading

FTC Files Comments with CFPB on CID Processes

On March 26, 2018, the staff of the Federal Trade Commission’s Bureau of Consumer Protection (“BCP”) filed a comment in response to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s Request for Information on the procedures for issuing Civil Investigative Demands. In large part, the comment summarizes the BCP’s experience with its own CID program and highlights the … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues Request for Information on Enforcement Processes

On February 7, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued a Request for Information (“RFI”) seeking comments and information from the public regarding the Bureau’s enforcement processes. The RFI seeks public input on “how best to achieve meaningful burden reduction or other improvement” to the Bureau’s enforcement processes “while continuing to meet the Bureau’s statutory … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues Request For Information on Civil Investigative Demands

On January 24, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB” or the “Bureau”) published a Request for Information (“RFI”) on its civil investigative demand (“CID”) process. This is the first in a series of planned RFIs on the Bureau’s activities. In the RFI, the CFPB recognizes that “responding to a CID can impose burdens on … Continue Reading

Mulvaney Outlines “New Mission” for the CFPB in Email to Bureau Staff

Yesterday afternoon, Acting Director Mulvaney sent an email to the entire CFPB staff in which he drew a sharp contrast with the views of his predecessor, Director Richard Cordray, and outlined a new direction  for the Bureau. In explaining how “things would be different” at the Bureau, Acting Director Mulvaney  criticized the agency’s aggressive approach … Continue Reading

CFPB Dismisses Suit Against Tribal Lenders

In a surprising turn of events, the CFPB on Thursday dismissed its ongoing litigation against Golden Valley Lending, Inc., Silver Cloud Financial, Inc., Mountain Summit Financial, Inc., and Majestic Lake Financial, Inc.  The Bureau’s case was predicated on a controversial theory that turned alleged violations of state law into alleged violations of the Dodd-Frank Act, … Continue Reading

CFPB Requests Public Comment on Bureau Activities

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau announced today a planned series of Requests for Information on the Bureau’s activities and how those activities impact consumers and covered entities. According to the press release, the goal of issuing these Requests for Information is to “ensure the Bureau is fulfilling its proper and appropriate functions to best protect … Continue Reading

CFPB Head of Enforcement to Step Down

On October 13, 2017, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau announced the upcoming departure of its enforcement chief, Assistant Director of Enforcement Anthony “Tony” Alexis. Assistant Director Alexis has been with the CFPB since 2012, and in a statement (paywall) to The Wall Street Journal, CFPB Director Richard Cordray described him as “my strong right arm.” … Continue Reading

SEC Brings Enforcement Action Against Two Companies Related to Initial Coin Offerings

On September 29, 2017, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission filed a complaint in federal court against REcoin Group Foundation, LLC (“REcoin”); DRC World, Inc., also known as Diamond Reserve Club (“DRC”); and their principal, Maksim Zaslavskiy. The complaint alleges false and misleading statements and violations of securities laws in connection with initial coin offerings … Continue Reading

CFTC Enforcement and Regulatory Report: 2017 Activity and Outlook

The U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (the “CFTC” or the “Commission”) has been very active since the beginning of this year, despite the change in Presidential Administration, the lack (until recently) of appointed Commissioners, and the turnover of leadership at both the Commission and Division level.  Notably, the Commission has announced over 20 enforcement actions, … Continue Reading

CFPB Obtains $2 Million Settlement Against Credit Repair Companies

On June 27, 2017, the CFPB announced it had filed complaints in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California against credit repair companies Prime Credit, LLC, IMC Capital, LLC, Commercial Credit Consultants (d/b/a Accurise), Park View Law, Inc., and individuals who are principals of these companies, Blake Johnson, Eric Schlegel, and Arthur … Continue Reading

CFPB Enters Consent Order with Mortgage Servicer Fay Servicing

On June 7, 2017, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau announced entry of a consent order against mortgage servicer Fay Servicing, LLC for alleged violations of the Bureau’s 2014 mortgage servicing rules. The CFPB alleged that Fay Servicing failed to provide timely notices to delinquent borrowers acknowledging that their loss mitigation applications were complete or incomplete, … Continue Reading

CFTC Adopts Amendments to Whistleblower Rule, Asserts Anti-Retaliation Authority

On May 22, 2017, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) announced the finalization of amendments to its whistleblower rules.  The most important change is the CFTC’s assertion of the authority to enforce Section 23(h)(1) of the Commodity Exchange Act (“CEA”), which prohibits retaliation against whistleblowers.  When it originally promulgated its whistleblower rules in 2011, the … Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Panel Rules that CFPB Civil Investigative Demand is Overly Broad and Unenforceable

On April 21, 2017, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled that a civil investigative demand (“CID”) issued by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau against the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (“ACICS”) was overly broad and unenforceable.  The D.C. Circuit’s decision sets an important precedent … Continue Reading

CFPB Sues Ocwen for Alleged Violations of Consumer Financial Laws

On April 20, 2017, the CFPB sued nonbank mortgage loan servicer Ocwen Financial Corporation and its subsidiaries (collectively, “Ocwen”) in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida. The Bureau’s complaint alleges violations of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, the Real Estate Settlement … Continue Reading

CFPB Sues Debt Collection Law Firm for Allegedly Misleading Communications

On April 17, 2017, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau filed suit in the Northern District of Ohio against Weltman, Weinberg & Reis Co., L.P.A. (“Weltman”), a debt collection law firm.  The CFPB’s complaint alleges that the firm misrepresented the level of attorney involvement in its collection efforts in violation of the Fair Debt Collection Practices … Continue Reading
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