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Texas District Court Rules that Notification of Purpose in CFPB CID Provides Fair Notice

On January 5, 2017, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”) issued a civil investigative demand (“CID”) to The Source for Public Data, L.P. (“Public Data”), a company that collects personal information about consumers. The CID requested information to determine whether consumer reporting agencies, persons using consumer reports, or other persons have engaged or are … Continue Reading

Kokesh v. SEC and Implications for Consumer and Financial Regulatory Agencies

In its decision in Kokesh v. SEC, issued on Monday, June 5, 2017, the Supreme Court unanimously ruled that “disgorgement” of ill-gotten gains by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) is a “penalty” within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 2462.  As a result, disgorgement is unavailable to the SEC in judicial proceedings involving conduct … Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Holds Oral Argument in Rehearing of PHH v. CFPB

On May 24, 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit held en banc oral argument in the rehearing of PHH Corp., et al. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“PHH”).  The lively oral argument extended well beyond the time originally allotted by the Court, as lawyers for PHH, the Department of Justice, and … Continue Reading

Conference of State Bank Supervisors Sues To Stop OCC Fintech Charters

On April 26, 2017, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (“CSBS”) filed a complaint against the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”) and Comptroller of the Currency Thomas J. Curry to block the agency from going forward with its proposal to grant special purpose national bank charters to fintech companies. The CSBS filed … Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Panel Rules that CFPB Civil Investigative Demand is Overly Broad and Unenforceable

On April 21, 2017, a panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit ruled that a civil investigative demand (“CID”) issued by the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau against the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (“ACICS”) was overly broad and unenforceable.  The D.C. Circuit’s decision sets an important precedent … Continue Reading

United States Files Amicus Brief in PHH Case

On March 17, 2017, the U.S. Department of Justice filed a Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae in PHH Corporation v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, 839 F.3d 1 (D.C. Cir. 2016), a case challenging the constitutionality of the CFPB’s single-director structure pending before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia … Continue Reading

Solicitor General Requests Extension to File Amicus Brief for PHH v. CFPB and Signals Potential Shift in Support for the CFPB

As we previously discussed, on February 16, 2017, the D.C. Circuit granted rehearing en banc in PHH v. CFPB and vacated the holding from the three-judge panel that the CFPB’s single director structure was unconstitutional. Through an unopposed motion filed on March 3, 2017, the Office of the Solicitor General (“SG”) requested an extension to file … Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Grants Rehearing En Banc in PHH

The D.C. Circuit today granted rehearing en banc in PHH Corp., et al. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“PHH”), vacating the prior order that, among other things, found the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (“CFPB”) structure unconstitutional. The court directed the parties to brief a set of questions related to: the constitutionality of the Bureau’s structure; … Continue Reading

Seventh Circuit Holds Open a Narrow Path for Challenging Bank Supervisory Ratings

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit recently issued a rare decision on a bank’s ability to challenge its supervisory ratings—in this case, its Federal Deposit Insurance Company (“FDIC”) Capital, Assets, Management, Earnings, Liquidity and Sensitivity (“CAMELS”) rating—in court.  See Builders Bank v. FDIC, — F.3d —, 2017 WL 237585 (7th Cir. 2017) … Continue Reading

FTC Enforcement Action Signals Possible Changes Coming In Unfairness Doctrine

On February 6, the FTC, along with the State of New Jersey, announced a settlement with TV-maker VIZIO related to VIZIO’s alleged data collection practices on millions of its ‘smart,’ network-connected TVs. According to the complaint, VIZIO collected information on consumers which it then shared with third parties, without sufficiently disclosing the data collection and … Continue Reading

CFPB, New York AG Accuse Settlement Funding Company of Engaging in Deceptive and Abusive Conduct Towards 9/11 First Responders, NFL Players

On February 7, 2017, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) and the New York Attorney General filed a complaint in federal court accusing companies RD Legal Funding, LLC, RD Legal Finance, LLC, and RD Legal Funding Partners, LP (collectively, “RD Legal”) and their principal, Roni Dersovitz, of misleading consumers regarding advances made on payouts from … Continue Reading

Legislators and Others Seek To Intervene in PHH v. CFPB Litigation

As we previously discussed, in October 2016, a 3-judge panel of the D.C. Circuit reviewing an enforcement action by the CFPB determined that the Bureau’s director is subject to at-will removal by the President.  The Bureau subsequently petitioned for re-hearing before the full court. Late last week, following a motion to intervene by several state … Continue Reading

In waning hours of Obama administration, CFPB files first litigation against depository institution

In what might prove to be one of Richard Cordray’s final acts as Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, the Bureau announced on Thursday that it was suing TCF National Bank, a $21 billion depository institution, in federal court for practices involving TCF’s overdraft program.  This enforcement action marks the first time the Bureau … Continue Reading

Congress Attempts to Counsel Trump Concerning Removal of CFPB Director Cordray, While PHH Petition for Rehearing Remains Undecided

Today Senators Chuck Schumer (D-NY), Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) and others voiced their opposition to any attempt by President-elect Donald Trump to oust Richard Cordray, the current Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”), before Cordray’s term ends in July 2018. They also sent a letter to Cordray outlining and praising his … Continue Reading

Circuit Split May Affect PHH Appeal

As we discussed in a recent client alert, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit held on December 27, 2016, in Bandimere v. SEC, that the Securities and Exchange Commission’s use of administrative law judges (“ALJs”) to adjudicate enforcement actions is unconstitutional.  The decision has created a circuit split that breathes new life … Continue Reading

Congress and Advocacy Organizations Weigh in on PHH Case, SG to Follow

As we noted in a recent post, the CFPB has sought reconsideration of the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals’ decision in PHH Corp., et al. v. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. In that decision, the D.C. Circuit ruled unconstitutional the provision of the Dodd-Frank Act establishing that the CFPB Director could be fired only “for cause,” … Continue Reading

New CFPB Compliance Bulletin Solidifies the CFPB’s Skepticism of Sales Incentive Practices

The CFPB issued a compliance bulletin on November 28, 2016 warning supervised companies about the potential compliance risks of production and sales incentives provided to employees and service providers. Although the CFPB “invite[d] further dialogue and discussion,” the bulletin highlights incentive practices as a continued area of scrutiny for the CFPB. In recent testimony to … Continue Reading

Pre-trial Briefing: CFTC v. Wilson and the Requirement of Intent to Cause an Artificial Price in Attempted Manipulation Cases

The Commodity Futures Trading Commission is set to begin its trial of Donald R. Wilson and his proprietary trading firm, DRW Investments, LLC on December 1, 2016.  In advance of this trial, this alert provides the legal theory that will be tested during this trial and other observations related to the CFTC’s pursuit of attempted … Continue Reading

UK Regulator Expresses Concerns Regarding Active Asset Manager Charges and Performance

The UK Financial Conduct Authority (“FCA”) is undertaking a study of the asset management market, which manages GBP 6.9 trillion, and is the second largest market in the world after the US. The rationale for the study is to ensure, as part of the FCA’s overall purview, that the UK market works well.  As part … Continue Reading

“Flash Crash” Derivatives Trader Settles Spoofing Case

On November 17, 2016, a federal court entered a consent order that will settle the civil case the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) brought against Navinder Singh Sarao and his company, Nav Sarao Futures Limited PLC, for engaging in a “spoofing” scheme and manipulating the price of the Chicago Mercantile Exchange’s E-mini S&P 500 futures … Continue Reading
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