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BCFP Enters Consent Order with Hydra Group

On August 10, 2018, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection announced that a federal district court in the Western District of Missouri approved a consent order in a case against a set of twenty corporate entities and two individual principals (collectively, “Hydra Group”). The BCFP alleged violations of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 … Continue Reading

Fifth Circuit to Consider Constitutionality of the BCFP’s Structure

On July 2, 2018, All American Check Cashing, Inc., Mid-State Finance, Inc., and the president and owner of both companies (collectively, “All American”) filed a brief asking the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit to find the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (“BCFP” or the “Bureau”) (formerly known as the CFPB) unconstitutionally structured … Continue Reading

Federal District Court Judge Declares Bureau Unconstitutional

On June 21, 2018, U.S. District Judge Loretta A. Preska (S.D.N.Y.) ruled that the structure of the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (the “Bureau”) was unconstitutional and, therefore, the Bureau lacked authority to bring claims under the Consumer Financial Protection Act (“CFPA”). The ruling rejected the D.C. Circuit’s en banc opinion in PHH that upheld … Continue Reading

Judge Denies Request to Stay Payday Rule Compliance Date

On June 12, 2018, a federal judge in the Western District of Texas denied a joint motion by the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (“Bureau”), the Community Financial Services Association of America, Ltd. (“Community Financial Services Association”) and the Consumer Alliance of Texas (“Consumer Alliance”), to stay the compliance date of the substantive provisions of … Continue Reading

Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Encourages Banks to Meet Consumer’s Needs for Short-Term, Small-Dollar Credit; BCFP Voices Approval

Yesterday, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency issued a bulletin encouraging national banks and federal savings associations to make short-term, small-dollar installment loans that are both safe and affordable available to consumers. The bulletin observes that despite the need, many banks have withdrawn from this market, forcing consumers to turn to non-bank lenders. … Continue Reading

Release of 2017 HMDA Data

The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) released yesterday data on mortgage lending at institutions covered by the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) — a total of just under 6,000 banks, credit unions and non-bank mortgage lenders.  Concurrently, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) released a “first look” report on mortgage market activity and trends based … Continue Reading

Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection Amends Timing Provisions of Federal “Know Before You Owe” Rule

On April 26, 2018, the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection (the “Bureau”) finalized an amendment to the “Know Before You Owe” mortgage disclosure rule (also known as the TILA-RESPA Rule), which it proposed in July 2017 and which we previously described in this blog. The amendment eliminates uncertainty regarding a timing restriction in the TILA-RESPA … Continue Reading

Cboe Contributes to Ongoing Discussion Regarding Cryptocurrency ETPs

Last month, Cboe Global Markets, Inc. (“Cboe”) responded to a staff letter on cryptocurrency funds and related investment products published by the SEC earlier this year. The SEC staff letter recognized that proponents of cryptocurrencies have identified a range of potential benefits and that innovation is important, but the SEC also identified a number of … Continue Reading

FTC Files Comments with CFPB on CID Processes

On March 26, 2018, the staff of the Federal Trade Commission’s Bureau of Consumer Protection (“BCP”) filed a comment in response to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s Request for Information on the procedures for issuing Civil Investigative Demands. In large part, the comment summarizes the BCP’s experience with its own CID program and highlights the … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues Request for Information on Its Consumer Financial Education Programs

On April 4, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) released its latest Request for Information (“RFI”), which seeks comments on the “overall efficiency and effectiveness” of the CFPB’s consumer financial education programs. Generally, the CFPB is requesting comment on its focus on various topics, programs, and delivery channels and methods (presumably to identify if … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues RFI On Its Guidance and Implementation Support

On March 28, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) issued a Request for Information (“RFI”) regarding the effectiveness and accessibility of its guidance materials and activities, including implementation support.  Specifically, the RFI asks for information about the following aspects of the CFPB’s methods of providing guidance to the public: Regulatory Inquiries Function: This function allows … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues Semi-Annual Report, Calls for Legislative Changes

On April 2, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued its semi-annual report to Congress.  Along with the traditional review of Bureau activities for the 6-month period covered by the report, the report is most notable for the 4 legislative proposals offered by Acting Director Mulvaney in his introductory letter, each of which would serve … Continue Reading

House Financial Services Committee Approves Bill to Exclude Attorneys from FDCPA

This week, the House Financial Services Committee (the “Committee”) approved by a vote of 35-25 a bill introduced last month by Rep. Alex Mooney (R-WV) that would exclude from the definition of “debt collector” under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”) law firms or licensed attorneys engaged in litigation activities to collect a debt, … Continue Reading

Regulators Issue Report on Activities to Combat Illegal Debt Collection Practices

Yesterday, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) and Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) issued a joint annual report to Congress on their activities in 2017 to combat illegal debt collection practices under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (“FDCPA”), for which the agencies share responsibilities. The report suggests that, even amidst other changes at the CFPB, … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues Request for Information on External Engagements

On February 21, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “Bureau” or “CFPB”) issued a Request for Information (“RFI”) seeking comments and information from the public regarding the Bureau’s public and non-public external engagements, including but not limited to field hearings, town halls, roundtables, and meetings of the Advisory Board and Councils.  The Bureau intends … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues Request for Information on Enforcement Processes

On February 7, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued a Request for Information (“RFI”) seeking comments and information from the public regarding the Bureau’s enforcement processes. The RFI seeks public input on “how best to achieve meaningful burden reduction or other improvement” to the Bureau’s enforcement processes “while continuing to meet the Bureau’s statutory … Continue Reading

CSBS Announces Multi-State Compact to Standardize Money Transmitter Licensing

On February 6, 2018, the Conference of State Bank Supervisors (“CSBS”) – the nationwide organization representing banking regulators from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands – announced that seven states have agreed to a compact that standardizes five major areas of the licensing process for money … Continue Reading

CFPB’s Fair Lending Office Stripped of Supervision and Enforcement Powers

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “Bureau” or “CFPB”) has made its first major organizational change under the leadership of Acting Director Mick Mulvaney. The Bureau moved the Office of Fair Lending and Equal Opportunity (the “Fair Lending Office”) inside the Office of the Director and stripped it of responsibility for enforcement and day-to-day oversight … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues Request for Information on Administrative Adjudications

On January 31, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “Bureau” or “CFPB”) issued a Request for Information (“RFI”) seeking comments and information from the public regarding the Bureau’s use of administrative adjudications.  The Bureau intends to use the comments received to inform deliberations as to whether and how to revise and update the Bureau’s … Continue Reading

D.C. Circuit Holds CFPB Structure Constitutional in PHH v. CFPB Reversal

Today, the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals, sitting en banc, held that the structure of the CFPB is constitutional, overturning an earlier ruling by a panel of the Court that would have allowed the President to fire the CFPB director at will.  The Court’s decision, finding that the Bureau’s structure is protected by well-established precedent … Continue Reading

CFPB Issues Request For Information on Civil Investigative Demands

On January 24, 2018, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB” or the “Bureau”) published a Request for Information (“RFI”) on its civil investigative demand (“CID”) process. This is the first in a series of planned RFIs on the Bureau’s activities. In the RFI, the CFPB recognizes that “responding to a CID can impose burdens on … Continue Reading

Mulvaney Outlines “New Mission” for the CFPB in Email to Bureau Staff

Yesterday afternoon, Acting Director Mulvaney sent an email to the entire CFPB staff in which he drew a sharp contrast with the views of his predecessor, Director Richard Cordray, and outlined a new direction  for the Bureau. In explaining how “things would be different” at the Bureau, Acting Director Mulvaney  criticized the agency’s aggressive approach … Continue Reading

CFPB Dismisses Suit Against Tribal Lenders

In a surprising turn of events, the CFPB on Thursday dismissed its ongoing litigation against Golden Valley Lending, Inc., Silver Cloud Financial, Inc., Mountain Summit Financial, Inc., and Majestic Lake Financial, Inc.  The Bureau’s case was predicated on a controversial theory that turned alleged violations of state law into alleged violations of the Dodd-Frank Act, … Continue Reading
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